Top 7 Myths: Social Security Disability Hearings

  1. You don’t need an attorney at your disability hearing.

    While some claimants may not hire an attorney, choosing to go through the disability hearing alone is not recommended. An experienced disability attorney who specializes in these types of claims can increase your chances of being approved. Finding the right attorney can greatly impact the result of your claim and save you time and hassle. A disability attorney in Michigan can review your claim, submit pertinent medical records, draft and obtain detailed and supportive medical letters from your doctors, prepare legal briefs, and make the necessary arguments to help you win. While a disability hearing before an Administrative Law Judge (ALJ) is informal, there are certain rules that must be followed and questions that will arise. Having an attorney can help you be prepared and confident, ultimately increasing your chances of approval. So, while no claimant is required to have an attorney for their disability hearing, having an experienced Michigan disability attorney can mean the difference between an approval and denial.

  2. The questions asked by an ALJ are the same for every hearing.

    The style of questioning during a disability hearing varies from ALJ, and the questions posed during a hearing are not typically the same. The ALJ will be looking for issues in your case that will come up during the hearing which you should be prepared to answer. The issues that could arise are unique to your case based on the evidence, and any issue or red flag could influence the decision, from work or hobbies during the relevant period to forms not completed or records outstanding to name a few. The last thing you want is to be caught off guard or unprepared for the questions during the hearing.  Some ALJs ask many questions, while others only a few. An attorney well-versed in disability benefits will be sure to not only ask you questions that could help your case that the ALJ may have left out or neglected to ask, but also cross-examine the vocational expert who will most likely be present for your hearing as well. The bottom line is that you will want to be prepared for every question and any issue that may arise. Hiring the right attorney can make a world of difference to make sure you are prepared for any questions that may arise based on your case and the ALJ assigned to conduct your hearing.

  3. If you get denied by the ALJ the first time, you can always re-apply.

    If an ALJ finds you to be not disabled, it becomes more difficult, if not impossible, for you to be eligible for disability benefits. There are many factors that could affect eligibility for disability benefits, including your work credits and the expiration date for which you must prove your disability began, and more. If the date of the ALJ decision is after your date last insured, or when your work credits expire, you may not have another chance to become eligible for disability benefits. It is critical that you put yourself in the best position possible to be approved before your hearing. You also have a set, limited timeframe for which to file an appeal from a decision denying your disability case. In most cases, you have only 60 days to file an appeal, plus 5 days for mailing, but this is not always the case. You will need to pay close attention to deadlines and make sure nothing is missed or you could miss out on benefits that you may otherwise be entitled to. More often than not, when you re-apply, you will not be eligible for additional past-due benefits from the prior application. Consulting with an experienced attorney from the start can help ensure that you are in the best position to be approved.

  4. It takes years for a hearing to be scheduled.

    While hearing times vary based on many factors, including the ALJ’s hearing docket and personal schedule, location of the hearing offices, national backlog, and more, the wait time for a hearing has been drastically less than previous years. Prior to the pandemic, hearing times were upwards of 12 months, and sometimes even longer, from the time that a request for a hearing was filed. However, since 2020 and the availability of both phone hearings since the beginning of the pandemic, and video hearings in 2021 through Microsoft Teams, the hearing backlog has been substantially decreased. Furthermore, there are ways that a hearing date can be expedited, including for those with terminal conditions, veteran ‘Wounded Warrior’ status, and for those who can demonstrate significant financial hardship. An experienced disability attorney will be sure to screen for any factors that may allow for your case to be expedited. It is important that you discuss your situation, and any changes along the way, with your attorney so that they understand and can advocate for you in the best way possible.

  5. Social Security Disability hearings are intimidating.

    A disability hearing before an ALJ can be intimidating, but it does not have to be. An experienced disability attorney can alleviate some of the stress and worry over your court date and answering questions the ALJ may have. You will be under oath to tell the truth during your hearing. There will most likely be a Vocational Expert present, and there could also be a Medical Expert who will also be under oath and provide testimony during your hearing. You will want to know this ahead of time and be ready for what to expect at every stage, especially during your hearing. At Disability Law Group, our attorney will take the time to carefully review all evidence and prepare you for exactly what to expect in order to ensure there are not any surprises. Knowing that someone is on your side and willing to fight for you when entering the hearing, will definitely put your mind at ease. Most importantly, an attorney will cover the questions ahead of time, cross-examine any witnesses who may be present, and make arguments on your behalf to help you win the benefits you deserve while putting your mind at ease over the process.

  6. You will receive the ALJ’s decision on the day of your hearing.

    While in some circumstances a decision can be made on the day of the hearing, this is not always true. Usually, you will not find out what the ALJ’s decision will be on the day of your hearing. In any case, after the hearing takes place, the ALJ will issue a written decision stating if you were denied or approved for disability benefits. A denial from an ALJ will state “Unfavorable” whereas an approval will read either “Partially Favorable” or “Fully Favorable”. Further, your case could be dismissed for a variety of reasons, including failure to appear or based on a motion granted by the ALJ. A disability attorney can go through your decision in detail with you, advising you on the next steps and what your options are. If the decision is favorable, your attorney can advise you on how the process works to get your benefits started, and what you might need to do for that process. However, if your decision is not favorable, your attorney can explain your appeal rights. With this decision, there is a written explanation for the reasoning and logic of their particular decision in your case. Your appeal rights, should you choose to file an appeal, will also be reflected in the decision. Not only is every case different, but ALJ’s decision-making process also can vary greatly. Typically, a decision takes anywhere from 30 to 60 days, on average, to be issued from the date of the hearing, and both you and your attorney will be notified of the decision by mail.

  7. All disability attorneys are the same.

    Not all disability attorneys are the same, but there are a few key factors you can consider in determining the best attorney for you. When looking for an attorney, experience, expertise, and compassion are all critical markers. Checking out what other people have to say, and reading through testimonials from prior clients of the firm, are usually the most helpful. Take your time to be sure the attorney is responsive and will truly listen to your concerns. Reputations matter in any line of work, and ALJ’s know firsthand how prepared, knowledgeable and empathetic attorneys are who appear before them. In order to know your case and understand how to help you best, you will want an attorney who is available and will take the time to listen. You should not have to go days without a return call or be left in the dark about your case. Our legal team has years of experience focused on social security disability matters and we know the ins and outs of the process. Having a skilled disability attorney by your side can help alleviate the pressure of deadlines and paperwork, and help you feel confident and prepared. Compassion is also key to ensuring your rights are truly being protected and that you are receiving the full amount of benefits that you deserve.

The above examples are only some of the more common misconceptions regarding an SSD hearing before an ALJ. There are many other myths surrounding disability hearings, as well as confusion regarding the disability claim and appeal process. Please know that you do not need to go at the process alone. You can contact our attorneys at 800-838-1100 or through our website at for a free consultation. Our legal team is more than happy to assist you or your loved one in making the right decision for you.